is a for-profit open repository of academic articles free to read by visitors. Additional features are accessible only as a paid subscription. Since the site's launch in 2008, the number of users has grown exponentially, reaching about 10 million daily visits in early 2022. At that time the numbers of registered users is 180 million and 40 million papers are available on the site. It is useful to track papers on the European Capitals of Culture and receive notifications of the following papers.

Some examples of the ECoC-realted articles on


Beatriz Garcia

“Deconstructing the city of culture: The long-term cultural legacies of Glasgow 1990"   

Urban Studies · May 2005

Claire Bullen

Comparing the Cultures of Cities in Two European Capitals of Culture

Etnofoor, Vol. 28, No. 2, The City (2016), pp. 99-120

John Ebejer

"Valletta 2018: Was it successful?"

Newspaper opinion piece: The Malta Independent on Sunday, 3 February 2019

Greg Richards

"Evaluating the European Capital of Culture that Never Was: Brabantstad 2018"

Paper presented at the ATLAS Annual Conference in Malta, November 2013. Revised draft accepted for publication in the Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events (Special Issue on Event Evaluation, 2014).

Karsten Xuereb

"The Impact of the European Union on Cultural Policy in Malta" 

Croatian International Relations Review XIV (82) 2018, 38-6

Fadi Ali

European capitals of culture: success strategies andlong-term effects

European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies

Policy department b: structural and cohesion policies: Culture and education


Source: Willam Chambers, Vice-President of UNeECC